Spatial planning reform?
Spatial planning reform?
Spatial “decisions” are not enough
Decisions that are not based on a jointly created spatial plan do not meet everyone’s needs.
Spatial planning reform?
Spatial plan is a social agreement
If we do not have a social agreement on how to use space, how do we know what to build to meet the needs of everyone in the territory?
Spatial planning reform?
Opening up a space for discussion
We are creating new spatial planing rules and mandate digital plans. May each municipality open its own discussion and prepare a social deal in the form of a digital plan.
We plan together
What will the change in spatial planning bring by 2032?
for each municipality, microregion and region
of spatial plans from the level of the municipality to the level of Slovakia
uniform and understandable to all planning participants
Of land-use planning and all communication related to their development
of the development of the whole country, including digital simulations
We plan in a meaningful way
What are the particular tiers of spatial planning
It is the highest strategic planning document in the country. It contains the main objectives and principles for the development of the entire territory of Slovakia. It describes in words and maps what the territory of our country looks like and within what rules to further develop it in the social, economic and environmental spheres. It deals with buildings, areas and territories of national importance, ecological, cultural, infrastructural, defensive and others. Its binding part also applies to other levels of land-use plans (regions, micro-regions and municipalities).
"The Concept of Territorial Development of Slovakia is the land-use planning documentation of the entire territory of the Slovak Republic, which determines the main directions of comprehensive development of the Slovak Republic. It establishes the basic conditions and creates the preconditions for sustainable territorial development of the Slovak Republic and its regions, determines the framework requirements of the state in terms of protection, restoration and creation of landscapes, nature protection, protection, preservation and development of historical and cultural heritage, economic and social development, defense and security of the state and in terms of compliance with international obligations in the field of environment and territorial development.“ (§ 19 Act no. 200/2022 Coll.)
The spatial plan of a region is the second level of planning of spatial development – after the KURS – and is approved by the respective self-governing region. The purpose of the region's spatial plan is to capture regional specifics that are significant and common to the whole region. Thus they cannot be dealt with separately by municipalities and cities. The regional spatial plan includes areas of historical, natural, and cultural significance that need to be protected and developed as a region.
„The concept of spatial development of the region is the spatial planning documentation of the region within the scope of the territorial district of the self-governing region, taking into account the protection of the environment, landscape and cultural specificities and the specificities of the territory of the region, while fulfilling the prerequisites for sustainable territorial development and landscape creation of the region.“ (§ 20 Act no. 200/2022 Coll.)
Its justification lies primarily in the cooperation of neighboring towns and villages, the so-called micro-regions, which should be able to agree on the development of bordering territories. In this way, harmonious transitions are formed between the borders of towns and villages, whether along roads, cycle paths or in common cultural, historical or tourist areas. It is a breeding ground for cooperation in the development of territories that go beyond the borders of municipalities, but do not reach the significance of the entire region.
„The land-use plan of a microregion is the land-use planning documentation of a coherent spatial and functional part of the territory of a region or several regions at common borders, based on the needs of the territorial development of several municipalities or other specific territory, in particular from the point of view of the environment, the protection and creation of landscapes, the protection of historical and cultural heritage, the development of the economy and tourism, while fulfilling the conditions for sustainable territorial development and landscape creation of the microregion.“ (§ 21 Act no. 200/2022 Coll.)
It is the most important document, on the basis of which a municipality or city develops its territory. It describes in maps and in words, which part of the territory serves what purpose and according to what rules it is further developed. Where roads and infrastructure lead, where residential, work, commercial, production or recreational areas are located. It is approved by the council and takes into account the needs of the people who live and work in the territory. If the territory of the municipality is entirely contained in the land-use plan of the microregion, the municipality no longer needs to create its own plan. Bratislava and Košice, as our largest cities, have so-called metropolitan land-use plans that take into account the specific and very diverse development needs of large cities.
„The land-use plan of a city or village is the land-use planning documentation of the territory of a municipality in accordance with the Concept of Territorial Development of Slovakia and in accordance with the Concept of Territorial Development of the Region. The municipality is obliged to have a land-use plan; this obligation ceases if the entire territory of the municipality is part of the territorial plan of the microregion. The land-use plan of a city is called the city's land-use plan. The land-use plans of the capital of the Slovak Republic Bratislava and the city of Košice are called the metropolitan land-use plans.“ (§ 22 Act no. 200/2022 Coll.)
The land-use plan of a city or village is followed by a zoning plan. It is a very detailed description of a selected location within the city or municipality. It is crucial for the development of the territory, because it specifically and in detail determines the parameters of how to functionally use the land, how to spatially arrange the buildings, what conditions to meet to protect the nature and culture, how to develop the character of the territory, how to provide services to citizens tied to the territory and to preserve or improve the state of the environment.
„The zoning plan is the land-use documentation of a comprehensive spatial and functional part of the territory of the municipality. In accordance with the development objectives and requirements specified in the assignment, the zoning plan establishes detailed conditions for spatial arrangement and functional use of individual spatial-functional units and land.“ (§ 23 Act no. 200/2022 Coll.)
How shall we achieve it
What we are working on to make sure we are successful
Spatial Planning Act
We have separated spatial planning from the law on construction as a separate important area of the development of our country.
Ordinance on the content and scope of spatial planning
In cooperation with experts from the local government, we are preparing new framework rules for spatial planning.
Spatial planning methodology
In cooperation with experts, we develop a detailed methodology for spatial plans, so that they are coherent and interconnected at all levels.
Digital system for working with spatial plans
In cooperation with the field of construction, we are preparing an information system, to which all parties will have access according to their powers and needs.
Support and assistance for municipalities
In the transition from paper to digital spatial planning, we will provide both financial and professional assistance to municipalities.
Communication with stakeholders
We consult with experts from municipalities, state administration, urban planners and many others about all the changes we are introducing in spatial planning.
Our location on the reform timeline
Founding of the ASPC SR
Laws 200 and 201/2022 are in effect
January - december
IS beta version
Fully digitalized processes
Main reasons for change
Why we are bringing such a wide reform
More than half of the municipalities do not have a spatial plan
Meaningful and sustainable planning for the development of the territory of Slovakia is not possible without all cities and villages having a spatial plan.
Land-use decision-making cannot replace a spatial plan
When decisions are made on the use of land only by land-use decision, the development of territory is essentially random and cannot take into account the needs of inhabitants in the long term.
Spatial plans are not the final solution for everything
Even a spatial plan, on a scale of 1:10,000, is not a solution for everything. A much more detailed approach to planning of territory, zoning plans, are needed.
Important principles of planning and construction are outdated
Until now, land-use planning is governed by outdated principles that no longer sufficiently reflect the needs of citizens and development of our country today.
Spatial plans are paper-based and difficult to understand
In the digital age, working with paper land-use plans is becoming increasingly difficult, especially when the rules for creating plans are not uniform for everyone.
Spatial plans cannot be used for visionary purposes
A paper spatial plan cannot be used as a basis for digital simulation of development options and in search for best solutions.